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NETT 2nd Newsletter

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Newsletter - Friday, August 31, 2013  

Teachers’ Perception on Entrepreneurship Education

The Survey.

This research has been conducted as a part of research work package of NETT project which is supported and financed by the EU. The research conducted between January- April 2013 in schools located in Turkey, Italy and Bulgaria. The questionnaire developed by NETT project research team is used as a data collection tool. The questionnaire has been sent to teachers via mail and collected in the same way. The questionnaire is also available on line at the URL: http://shannon.laren.dsi.unimi.it/questionnaire/register.php; it requires accreditation to access. 

The Interviewees.

The total number of teacher responded to questionnaire was 89 and 26 of them from Bulgaria, 38 of them from Italy and remaining 25 teachers from Turkey. There were 36 male and 53 female teachers who take part in the research. 47 of those teachers have bachelor’s degree, 23 of them have Masters and 18 of them have PhD degree. Only one teacher has high school degree. The mean of age was 45 years old. While the youngest group of teachers was in Turkey, the oldest group was in Italy. The majority of teachers have more than 21 years of teaching experience and they are working at a university. The 89 teachers have different backgrounds and teaching subjects. The highest number of participants is ICT- IT teachers.

The Results of the International Comparative Research.

When teachers asked whether they feel competent in entrepreneurship only 14% of them felt “very high” competence. While 27% of teachers feels highly competent in entrepreneurship; total 40 % feels “no competence” or “low competence” in entrepreneurship, even if 85% of interviewees thinks that entrepreneurship education is important or very important for their students. The lack of knowledge in entrepreneurship, push 48% of them to want to participate in training on entrepreneurship training, and 33% believes that to attend an online training could be “very useful”.It can be concluded that majority of the teachers (83%) think that they would benefit from attending an online training offer on teaching entrepreneurship. The 38% of teachers thinks that they would benefit “very much” from being part of international online community, and they want to share best practices, teaching materials and courses at a community of practice of entrepreneurship. The most important 10 skills in entrepreneurship according to teachers are: Decision Making, Communications and Interpersonal Skills, Team working, Innovative thinking, Personal Management, Risk Management, Group Working Relationships, Strategic Management Planning, Ability to see opportunities, and Personal Assessment. The most important skills thought to be a part of learning process in entrepreneurship are Communications and Interpersonal Skills, Team working, Group Working Relationships, Dealing with Conflict, Electronic communication, and the following 6 skills got the lowest mean: Accounting, Daily operations, Purchasing/procurement, Simulation, Entrepreneurial, and Drawing. The teachers who really teach entrepreneurship are only 46 %, using ‘project-based learning’, ‘simulations’, ‘student-oriented methods’ and ‘competence based’ and ‘inquiry based’ methods. Teachers rarely or never use methods such as ‘teacher oriented methods’ and ‘serious games’. They think they should be more competent in Business and Financial Topics, then Leadership, Dealing with Conflict and Project management. According to data only 39% of teachers thinks that the current entrepreneurship curriculum is NOT adequately putting students in real entrepreneurship environment and 51% of teachers thinks that the duration of current entrepreneurship curriculum is NOT enough to prepare the students to be entrepreneurs.


Research results show that the current entrepreneurship education and curriculum is not satisfactory and effective so it needs to be developed. On the other hand there is a lack of in-service training for teachers and an online teaching platform will be very helpful. This report represents an initial step of our project, as both it aims at identifying the focus of our future work on the NETT platform and because, issued in an electronic form it will accompany the development of the project, through a continuous refinement of the answer analysis (thanks to the increase of their records) and the issuing of new specific questions.


  • University of Milan (Computer Science Department), Italy - coordinator
  • Arkè Management Consulting, Italy
  • EGECED - Institute of Education and Youth Studies Association, Turkey
  • ITD - Institute of Technology and Development, Bulgaria

Useful Links

Related Institutions

Related Projects

Related Publications

Related Events


March 29, 2013 - Manager for a Day. It is designed to provide high-school and university students with the opportunity to experience the personal and academic demands of daily business operations.

March 27-28, 2013 SmartStart - the student conference aims at encouraging the entrepreneurial attitude and behavior of university students, at teaching them the personal values of self-promotion, leadership, and self-reliance.

Organizer: Juniour achivement, Bulgaria





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